By Len Doyal

ISBN-10: 0333383257

ISBN-13: 9780333383254

ISBN-10: 1349215007

ISBN-13: 9781349215003

Rejecting trendy subjectivist and cultural relativist methods, this significant ebook argues that humans have common and target wishes for well-being and autonomy and a correct to their optimum pride. The authors enhance a method of social signs to teach what such optimization might suggest in perform and check the files of a variety of built and underdeveloped economies in assembly their electorate' wishes

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3). Wantregarding principles take as given the wants which people happen to have and pay no regard to other criteria when evaluating policies. Ideal-regarding principles embody other criteria and are essential to avoid the evaluational circularity described above (Barry, 1990. pp. xliv-Iii). But do the latter have to entail anything like a notion of need? Barry. and many others espousing this distinction, think not. They reject the idea that this justifies belief in the existence of standards of evaluation which are common to all forms of life.

Specific types of clothing) again can be thought of as ends in their own right. This will be especially likely if their strategic relation to the goal remains implicit - for example, if there is no conscious formulation of the strategic link between the goal of a new coat and the more fundamental goal of physical warmth. Just as clothing may be described as either a goal or a strategy, this is also true, say, of specific types of clothes and of the money necessary to buy them. In short, the grammar of statements about human need which do not refer to drives is one of instrumentality.

13-22; cf. Osborne, 1991, pp. 201-25). I They won't and they don't. Phenomenological arguments: social realities kick back We do not have the space adequately to explore the problems of phenomenological writings in sociology and their relativistic approach to human need (Trigg, 1985, ch. 5). Commenting on the relationship between Schutz's rejection of the objectivity of social structure and the fact that he was a refugee from the Nazis, Hindess jibes: There can be no Schutzian politics and indeed no rational social action of any kind.

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A Theory of Human Need by Len Doyal


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