By World Health Organization

ISBN-10: 9291735426

ISBN-13: 9789291735426

This flagship record provides the thought of perspectives at the country of the HIV/AIDS epidemic of the Joint United international locations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). It comprises research of the entire features of the epidemic, from the unfold of HIV, to remedies, to the supply of assets. It additionally offers country-by-country figures on its quantity.

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Additional info for AIDS Epidemic Update 2006

Sample text

Infected in the past year. AIDS claimed some 520 000 [330 000–780 000] lives in 2005. Risky behaviour—often more than one form— continues to sustain serious AIDS epidemics in Asia. At the heart of many of Asia’s epidemics lies the interplay between injecting drug use and unprotected sex, much of it commercial. Yet prevention strategies still rarely reflect the fact that such combinations of risk-taking exist in virtually every country in the region. As a result, many of the epidemics in Asia are in transition— including in those countries where the spread of HIV to date has been contained.

1%] as it is in some of the worst-affected areas of Botswana, South Africa and Swaziland. Where declines in infection levels have been observed recently (such as in Katutura and Oshakati), HIV prevalence among pregnant women still exceeds 20%. Overall, the slight decline in national HIV prevalence recorded in Namibia’s 2004 antenatal survey does not clearly indicate whether the country’s epidemic has stabilized. Such a cautious interpretation seems borne out by infection levels among 15–24 yearold antenatal clinic attendees, which show Awareness of the epidemic is on the rise, but specific knowledge about HIV still is inadequate.

In Bangkok alone, an estimated 34 000 women were trading sex in such non-brothel settings in 2003. Regulating these forms of sex work using the approach of the 100% Condom Programme is difficult; outreach programmes that tap the knowledge and potential solidarity of sex workers would be more suitable to access this population (UNDP, 2004). Thailand’s epidemic is more diverse than it was a decade ago. Male clients of sex workers are infecting their wives and girlfriends, with the result that as many as half of new HIV infections each year are happening within marriage or regular relationships where condom use tends to be very low (Thai Working Group on HIV/ AIDS Projections, 2001).

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AIDS Epidemic Update 2006 by World Health Organization


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