By Liba Taub

ISBN-10: 0415161967

ISBN-13: 9780415161961

В книге рассматриваются греческий и римский подходы и отношение к этой широкой дисциплине, которая в классический период включала не только "погоду", но и явления типа землетрясений или комет, которые сегодня были бы расценены как геологический, астрономический или сейсмологический фактор.
Учитывая господство сельского хозяйства в древнем обществе, не удивительно, что так много было написано о предсказаниях и объяснениях погоды, и о том, как противостоять против капризов и жестокости погоды и как добиться её расположения. Но изучение метеорологии в древности было не только практическим вопросом. Поэты, философы и врачи были также интересовались метеорологией, излагая важные вопросы о природе мира, или, иными словами, о единстве космических явлений, а также об отношениях между метеорологией и божественным.
Автор анализирует различные древние тексты, в которых встречаются метеорологические или научные идеи: от эпоса Гомера и дидактической поэзии Гесиода, Арата и Лукреция – до работ, типа «Метеорологии» Аристотеля и трактатов Гиппократа и Сенеки.Образцы сканов:

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Rather, the level of detail here makes it clear that, probably over a lengthy period of time and through shared effort, ancient farmers had determined a calendar to guide their agricultural activities through the course of the year. Here the poet is sharing the fruits of this labour. Astronomical almanacs and the weather The Works and Days is partly a farmers’ almanac, in verse form, with instructions on when to do what, with some technical advice thrown in. Clearly, by being familiar with astronomical events, farmers would know which times in the year would be particularly appropriate and favourable for various tasks.

225) that clothing merchants relied on astronomical predictions, noting that retailers used a study of the stars to help set prices for the coming season. 112 So strong practical interests may have motivated some astrometeorological predictions. 1) contrasts the goals of the astronomical techniques used for weather prediction by Eudoxus and Hipparchus with what he considers to be the superstitious practices and prophecies of human events indulged in by Chaldean astrologers. Sextus’ lively passage is worth quoting: The task before us is to inquire concerning astrology or the ‘Mathematical Art’ – not the complete Art as composed of 39 PREDICTION AND THE ROLE OF TRADITION 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10111 11 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 21111 folio arithmetic and geometry .

74 But it seems unlikely that the parape¯gmata were merely symbolic. Edwin A. 75 Yet, the usefulness for future users of astronomical observations and weather predictions made in a specific (possibly different) place at a specific (and possibly distant) time in the past is not clear; indeed, some ancient authors expressed that concern. 77 Others, including Geminus and Ptolemy, emphasized that knowledge of the location in which the astronomer worked was crucial. We do not know the relationship between the so-called ‘Geminus parape¯gma’ and Geminus’ Introduction to the Phenomena, but the Introduction appears to have been written much later.

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Ancient Meteorology by Liba Taub

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