By Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti, Meritxell Fernández-Barrera
Legal ontologies have proved an important for representing, processing and retrieving felony details, and may collect an expanding value within the rising framework of the Semantic net. regardless of the various learn initiatives within the box, a collective mirrored image at the theoretical foundations of criminal ontology engineering was once nonetheless lacking. This publication bridges the space, by means of exploring present methodologies and theoretical ways to felony ontologies. It gathers sixteen papers, each one of them proposing concerns and ideas for ontology engineering concerning a specific method of, or point of, the legislation: comparative legislation, case-based reasoning, multilingualism, complicated- platforms, sociolegal research, felony conception, social ontology, ontology studying, computational ontology, provider ontology, cognitive technological know-how, record modelling, huge criminal databases, medical, linguistic and legal-technology views. The publication will hence curiosity researchers in criminal informatics, man made intelligence and legislations, felony concept, criminal philosophy, felony sociology, comparative legislations, in addition to builders of purposes according to the clever administration of criminal details, in either e-commerce and e-government (e-administration, e-justice, e-democracy).
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Additional info for Approaches to Legal Ontologies: Theories, Domains, Methodologies
34 M. Fernández-Barrera and G. Sartor Fig. 8 Typology of “disposant” (Source: Cornu 1990: 201) Disposant À titre gratuit Testateur Donateur À titre onereux Vendeux
Ascribing a particular meaning to a term. Consider for example the following definition, contained in the EU data protection directive (Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council): (a) “personal data” shall mean any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (“data subject”); an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number or to one or more factors specific to his physical, physiological, mental, economic, cultural or social identity; Here is the definition which can be found instead in the Italian legislation (art.
This is the stream of thought corresponding mainly to analytical jurisprudence, with roots in Bentham’s thought and that starting from Austin’s The 12 It has been highlighted that there exist different levels of legal systematization: (i) systematization of legal concepts; (ii) systematization of legal rules in institutions and branches of the law according to the piece of reality that they regulate; (iii) systematization of legal rules on the basis of the values they pursue and their justification; (iv) systematization of those values themselves, establishing an axiological hierarchy (Renauld 1958).
Approaches to Legal Ontologies: Theories, Domains, Methodologies by Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti, Meritxell Fernández-Barrera